Topic outline

  • This course focuses on SDG Indicator 2.1.1, which is one of two indicators that focus on food insecurity. The PoU is an estimate of the proportion of the population facing serious food deprivation, and is derived from official national level information on food supply and consumption, and energy needs. This course has been developed to support countries in analysis and reporting for Indicator 2.1.1.

      • System Requirements

        The online version of this course runs on the latest versions of the major browsers, such as Chrome, Safari, Edge and Firefox.

        The downloadable version only runs on Windows PC’s and no additional software is needed.

        • Audience

          The target audience of this course includes:

          • Policy makers or advisors
          • Directors and senior staff of national statistical office
          • Statisticians of national statistical offices
          • FAO regional statisticians

          • You will learn about

            • Relevant concepts, including hypothetical average individuals, dietary energy requirements and habitual dietary energy consumption (DEC)
            • Potential data sources for the indicator: dietary intake surveys, household consumption and expenditure surveys (HCES) and food balance sheets (FBS)
            • How the probability based approach uses an aggregated framework to define the parameters of a distribution, and sets a threshold for undernourishment
            • Manipulation of data to obtain the distribution of dietary energy consumption

            • Course structure

              The course consists of 5 lessons, ranging from approximately 25 to 60 minutes duration each:

              • Lesson 1 – Introduction to the Prevalence of Undernourishment
              • Lesson 2 – The PoU methodology: Key concepts
              • Lesson 3 – The PoU methodology: Parameters
              • Lesson 4 – Processing food consumption data collected in Household Consumption and Expenditure Surveys
              • Lesson 5 – Reporting on the Prevalence of Undernourishment

              • Digital Badge Certification

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                Our digital badge certifications verify that you have achieved the learning outcomes and competencies outlined in FAO e-learning courses.

                What is a digital badge?
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                Badges can be displayed wherever earners want them on the web, and share them for employment, education or lifelong learning.


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