Topic outline

Under the Enhanced Transparency Framework (ETF) there is a mandatory requirement for all countries party to the Paris Agreement to estimate and report on uncertainty in their National Greenhouse Gas inventories. This course has been developed by FAO to strengthen institutional and technical capacity in national entities to allow them to meet this requirement and produce reliable data.


This e-learning course is intended for anyone involved in the preparation of greenhouse gas inventories, especially:

  • Staff members of relevant national agencies responsible for reporting to UNFCCC
  • GHG Inventory compilers
  • Data providers from National Statistical Office (NSO)
  • Researchers

  • The concept on uncertainty and its importance in the context of NGHG inventories
  • Statistical definitions associated with uncertainty analysis
  • Statistical concepts and methodologies used to quantify uncertainty
  • Two approaches for combining uncertainties for different sectors to estimate overall uncertainty for the total national net emissions
  • Clarifications made to the estimation of uncertainty in the 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines

The course consists of 3 lessons, of 45 - 60 minutes duration each:

  • Lesson 1:  Uncertainty in the context of national greenhouse gas inventories
  • Lesson 2:  Quantifying uncertainty
  • Lesson 3:  Combining uncertainties

This course runs on the latest versions of the major browsers, such as Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox and Apple Safari.

The course opens in a separate popup window. If this does not happen, a popup blocker in the browser is probably preventing it from opening and you will need to disable popup blockers for this site. Please read the following instructions on how to do this.

Digital certification

This course offers certification. You will get your digital badge upon passing a final exam after completing the course and achieving a grade of at least 75%. Please click on the button below to complete the exam, or refer to our Certification section to learn more.

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